Continuous acetone-butanol-ethanol (ABE) fermentation using immobilized cells of Clostridium acetobutylicum in a packed bed reactor and integration with product removal by pervaporation
|Title||Continuous acetone-butanol-ethanol (ABE) fermentation using immobilized cells of Clostridium acetobutylicum in a packed bed reactor and integration with product removal by pervaporation|
|Publication Type||Journal Article|
|Year of Publication||1991|
|Authors||Friedl A, Qureshi N, Maddox I|
|Journal||Biotechnology and Bioengineering|
|Keywords||ABE fermentation, Clostridiurn acetobutylicum, packed bed reactor, Pervaporation, Whey permeate|
An integrated solvent (ABE) fermentation and product removal process was investigated. A stable solvent productivity of 3.5 g/L h was achieved by using cells of Clostridium acetobutylicum immobilized onto a packed bed of bonechar, coupled with continuous product removal by pervaporation. Using a concentrated feed solution containing lactose at 130g/L, a lactose value of 97.9% was observed. The integrated fermentation and product removal system, with recycling of the treated fermentor effluent containing only low amount of solvents (/but lactose and acids), leads to only low acid losses. Therefore, most of the acids are converted to solvents, and this results in a high solvent yield of 0.39 g solvents/g lactose utilized. The pervaporation system provided a high product removal rate even at low solvent concentrations. A solvent membrane flux of 7.1 g/m(2) h with a selectivity of 5 was achieved during these investigations. The system proved to be very reliable.